Rivas was the name of a one thousand ton steam ship that came and went between Bilbao and Newcastle during the last years of the Nineteenth Century and the first years of the Twentieth Century. On the 4th of december of 1904 this vessel left Bilbao carrying 3263 tons of iron and 1219 litres of wine. It had arrived the 24th of september with 2537 tons of coal from Newcastle on board. It would be back on october bringing more coal from Newcastle.
This we know because professor Manuel Montero tells us in one of his works. But if you want to know in turn how he has found out you will have to ask him, because he published all this information in the papers, it was adressed to the general public and he gave no bibliography there. Anyway though I can't tell you what sources he has taken his data from professor Manuel Montero is a historian and I bet they are pretty reliable.
From 1880 to 1920, he goes on, there was a continous traffic of vessels joining both ports, wich sometimes amounted to 25 or even 30 on a monthly basis.
Ybarra nº 4 was another steamship wich travelled intensively between the british industrial cities and Bilbao. This watercolour is kept at the Untzi Naval Museum of San Sebastian.
If we make a list of British ports admiting mineral ore from Biscay in those days Newcastle would not stand in the first place. For example, take year 1904. Cardiff and Middlesborough were leaders followed by Rotterdam and Antwerp out of the UK. What makes so special the relationship between Newcastle and Bilbao is that ships would always transport an important cargo in both directions.
So if Newcastle was not the main destiny for Bilbao mineral ore albeit and important one the continous freight carry in either direction made it the main supplier for coal. Most frequently, more than 60% of all the coal that was imported into Bilbao was coming from Newcastle.
Moreover Consett, near Newcastle, not only was an industrial centre wich eagerly swallowed lots of iron ore from the Biscay mines, but it was the headquartes of one of the four societies wich were part of Orconera Iron Ore Co. Ltd., the most important mining company in Biscay (one fifth of the total ore extracted there belonged to them). These four societies were
Consett from Durhan, England
Dowlais from Wales
Friedrich Krupp from Essen, Germany
and Ibarra Hermanos from Biscay
|A view of Bilbao with the swing bridge that was inaugurated in 1892 and destroyed in 1937 during the Spanish War|
Other ports at the Tyne riverside or near it who also took mineral from Biscay belong today to the Greater Newcastle upong Tyne connurbation. Professor Montero mentions Janow, Tynemouth, Tyne Dock and Sunderland.
Chroniclers in the late 1800s and early 1900s underlined that Newcastle upon Tyne had an inner port very similar to the one Bilbao itself had on the banks of it's ria.